[Originally written in 2011.]
[Note: When referring to New Testament texts and persons, I use “Judean” instead of “Jew” and “Jewish.” The latter terminology developed in some European nations in Medieval and Modern times and is now used by English-speaking Jews of themselves. However, the Biblical texts, as well as some modern languages such as German and Spanish, always keep the "d" sound.]
2. The Old Scriptures of
There are between ten and fifteen of these formal citations of scripture, each linking some feature of the Jesus story to the Judean scriptures.
- the Emmanuel passage (Isaiah , quoted in Matthew ),
- the Voice in the Wilderness (Isaiah 40:3, quoted in 3:3);
- the “people who dwell in darkness” (Isaiah 9:1-2, quoted in -16);
- the healing by the Suffering Servant (Isaiah 53:4, quoted in ); and
- the calling of the Servant of the Lord (Isaiah 42:1-4, quoted in -21).